By Tyler King
MADISON, Wisconsin: South Carolina’s legislative elections in 2012 are less competitive than most of the country, based on Ballotpedia’s Competitiveness index which captures the extent of electoral competitiveness exhibited in state legislative elections.
About the Competitiveness index:
The Ballotpedia state legislative competitive index looks at three factors: is the incumbent running for re-election in a district; if so, does he or she draw a primary challenge; and are there two major party candidates in the general election.
Ballotpedia’s index is created by summing the three percentages and then dividing by three. Each state is given 1 point for each percentage. Then, the points are added up and divided by three to establish the index rating. 1 is least competitive and 100 equals most competitive.
The comprehensive 2012 state legislative competitive index will be released following the completion of the primaries in all 44 states with 2012 state legislative elections. It will examine all 6,015 state legislative seats that are up for election on November 6, 2012.
Once a state releases official primary candidate lists, Ballotpedia staff analyzes the data to determine primary competitiveness. Just one state remains that has passed their filing deadline, but has not been analyzed by Ballotpedia staff — New York.
South Carolina in 2012:
South Carolina’s filing deadline was on March 30, 2012. It was the 22nd state to be analyzed by Ballotpedia staff and the inclusion of its data brought the national index to 38.04 in 2012.
In South Carolina, there are 170 total state legislative seats with elections in 2012 and most current incumbents are seeking re-election.
Of those 170, 46 are State Senate seats and 124 are State House seats. A total of 146 incumbents (85.9%) are seeking re-election this year. Just 37 (25.3%) incumbents running for re-election face primary opposition. Additionally, there are 24 (14.1%) districts where an incumbent is not seeking re-election within that district. For November’s general elections, there will be 51 (30.0%) seats where more than one major party candidate will appear on the ballot.
|The current nationwide index is 37.10
• 43 states analyzed •
(updated July 20, 2012)
Comparison to 2010:
In 2010, South Carolina ranked 41st in overall competitiveness.
- 8.9% of Districts were open seats, increasing to 14.1% in 2012.
- 23% of incumbents faced primary opposition, increasing to 25.3% in 2012.
- 29.8% of Districts had more than one major party candidate in the general election, compared to 30.0% in 2012.
- South Carolina’s 2010 competitiveness index was 20.6, compared to 23.1 in 2012.