By Ballotpedia’s Congressional and State legislative teams
The primary season continued with elections in Florida yesterday.
Florida had a total of 27 seats on the ballot in 2012. A total of 88 candidates filed to run, made up of 30 Democratic challengers, 35 Republican challengers, and 23 incumbents. A total of 387 U.S. House seats have held primaries. Thus far, 55.43% of possible primaries have been contested. Florida‘s contested figure of 35.19% (19 out of 54 possible party primaries) is less competitive than the national average.
23 incumbents are running for re-election in 2012, with 15 of them not facing any primary opposition. The 8 incumbents who faced opposition in the primary were Cliff Stearns in the 3rd district, Ander Crenshaw in the 4th district, incumbents John L. Mica and Sandy Adams are facing off in the 7th district, C.W. Bill Young in the 13th district, Tom Rooney in the 17th district, Allen West in the 18th district, and Frederica S. Wilson in the 24th district. All incumbents except Cliff Stearns of the 3rd district defeated their primary challengers yesterday. The 3rd district Republican race is too close to call until official election results become available.
Incumbent Cliff Stearns‘s bid for re-election on the Republican ticket came to an end yesterday. Stearns conceded the race to Yoho, who had 34.4 percent of the vote to Stearns’s 33.1 percent in a four-candidate field for the Republican nomination yesterday. Yoho was leading by just 829 votes, and provisional ballots and overseas absentee ballots could have possibly reduced Yoho’s lead, or maybe even reversed the outcome. Yoho’s margin stood at 1.3 percent, outside the 0.5-percent margin that Florida law sets for an automatic recount. 
Stearns, who previously had a history of winning his bids for re-election with almost 60 percent or more of the vote, had been the favorite to win his primary, outspending Yoho and several otherRepublican challengers in the primary.
This was the first election using new district maps based on 2010 Census data. On March 30, 2012, the National Journal released a list of the top ten most contorted congressional districts, as a result of redistricting.  The 14th district was included in the list.
Sandy Adams and John Mica were both drawn into the 7th district. Mica’s current district made up 72 percent of the redrawn 6th district. Adams currently represents just over half of the 7th district.Mica defeated Sandy Adams in the Republican primary between the two incumbents, and is heavily favored to win in the general election in November. 
Incumbent Vern Buchanan, who is seeking re-election in the updated 16th district, reportedly raised more than $330,000 since April 1, according to a July 16, 2012, article. However, almost half has been spent on a required refund of past illegal campaign donations, payments to attorneys dealing with four federal investigations and expenses for other court-related expenses. Buchanan ran unopposed in the Republican primary yesterday and will face Keith Fitzgerald (Democratic) in the general election on November 6.
On the Democratic ticket, incumbent Bill Nelson faced a primary challenge from candidate Glenn Burkett. Nelson defeated Burkett to advance to the general election as the Democratic nominee. However, a significant number of Republican candidates ran for the Republican nomination, in hopes of winning Nelson’s seat in the general election. U.S. Representative Connie Mack, Mike McCalister, Marielena Stuart, and Dave Weldon all ran for the nomination. Connie Mack defeated his opponents for the nomination, and will face incumbent Bill Nelson in the general election on November 6, 2012. The race between Mack and Bill Nelson is predicated as being one of the most hotly contested Senate races of the year.
According to some reports, nearly $9 million has already been spent by the candidates in preparation for the general election match-up.
Connie Mack received the endorsement of 1st district Representative Jeff Miller prior to the primary election. Former Governor Charlie Crist confirmed support for Democrat Bill Nelson’s re-election bid against Republican Representative Connie Mack IV on August 1, 2012. Not only did Crist announce that he planned to donate to Nelson, but he said he’d also appear at an August 1 fundraiser for the incumbent, headlined by former President Bill Clinton.
The University of Virginia’s Center for Politics published an article called Sabato’s Crystal Ball on March 22, 2012, detailing the 8 races in the Senate in 2012 that will decide the political fate of which party will end up with control in 2013. The Senate seat in Florida is the toss up state ranked second in likelihood of ending up Democratic, behind New Mexico‘s Senate seat. Incumbent Bill Nelson‘s mediocre approval rating is the reasoning behind the “toss-up” classification of the Senate seat, but Nelson is expected to gain Democratic support in time for the election in 2012. Nelsonis also expected to face significant opposition from Connie Mack, U.S. representative from the 14th district, in the general election on November 6, 2012.
|Members of the U.S. House from Florida — Partisan Breakdown|
|Party||As of August 2012||After the 2012 Election|
There were 31 (19.38%) contested Democratic primaries and 48 (30.00%) contested Republican primaries. Thus, there were 79 (24.69%) races tomorrow with at least two candidates on the ballot. The 24.69% figure of total contested primaries in Florida is higher than the current national contested average of 19.38% for states that have had filing deadlines.
There are 40 Florida State Senators. In 2012, 9 who are current members, or 22.5% of the total senate seats, will be ineligible to run for the senate again in November. Of them, 2 are Democratic state senators and 7 are Republican state senators. The 10 current members of the state senate who will be ineligible to run for re-election are: Democrats Gary Siplin and Larcenia Bullard and RepublicansDennis Jones, Evelyn Lynn, J.D. Alexander, Michael Bennett, Mike Fasano, Paula Dockery, and Stephen Wise.
- District 22: Florida House incumbents Jeff Brandes and James C. Frishe faced off for the Republican nomination. No Democratic candidates filed to run for election, but Brandes will faceRaymond Alan Baker, a write-in, in the November 6 general election.
- District 24: The primary battle between candidates Tom Lee and Rachel Burgin for the nomination had become fairly intense, with each having ethics complaints filed against them going into the primary. Two Carrollwood residents filed an ethics complaint on August 8, 2012, alleging Tom Lee omitted assets from his personal financial disclosure form. Lee said the complaint is wrong, insisting he reported all his assets properly on the form and that the complaint looks like “retaliation” against him by supporters of his opponent. In July 2012 a Valrico lawyer accusedLee’s competitor, Rachel Burgin, of directing donations to a political committee responsible for an attack mailer aimed at Lee. Burgin denied the allegations. Lee will go on to face Elizabeth Belcher (D) in the general election.
- District 25: Candidates Melanie Peterson and Geoffrey Sommers faced off in the District 25 Republican primary. Peterson received endorsements from South Florida Tea Party, NorthPAC, the NRA, the Palm Beach Post, Personhood FL ProLife PAC, United Christians of Florida, as well as several local and regional individuals and organizations.
- District 27: Florida House incumbents Jeff Clemens and Mack Bernard faced off for the Democratic nomination. No Republican candidates filed to run for election, but Clemens will faceTravis Genard Harris (I) in the November 6 general election.
- District 39: The open seat brought a number of Democratic candidates running for the nomination. Dwight Bullard, James Bush III, Ron Saunders, John Johnson, and Sal Gutierrez all faced off for the Democratic nomination. Bullard moves on to face Scott Hopes (R) in the general election.
There are 120 representatives in the Florida House of Representatives. 12 of them, or 10%, are termed-out in 2012. Of these 12, 2 are Democratic and 10 are Republican. Florida state representatives whose seats are up for election in 2012 but who are unable to run because of the state’s term limits are:
- District 7: The open seat has drawn a significant amount of competition in both primaries. Candidates Thomas Dickens, Robert Hill, and A.J. Smith ran for the Democratic nomination. On the Republican ticket, four candidates, Halsey Beshears, Jamey Westbrook, Mike Williams, and Don Curtis, all ran for the nomination.
- District 36: Four Republican candidates faced off in the primary for both the nomination and the district seat itself. Mike Fasano, Michael Kennedy, James Mathieu, and Joseph Antimo Verola all ran on the Republican ticket. Because no Democratic candidates filed to run, Fasano will face no general election competition.
- District 46: Five Democratic candidates faced off in the primary for both the nomination and the district seat itself. Rosalind B. Johnson, Pam Powell, Bruce Antone, Jason Henry, and Sean Bradford all ran on the Democratic ticket. Because no Republican candidates filed to run, Antone will face no general election competition.
- District 76: Three Republican candidates ran to decide the fate of the district seat. Michael Grant, Ray Rodrigues, and Chauncey Solinger all ran on the Republican ticket. Rodrigues will face no opposition in the general election and is therefore basically guaranteed the district seat.
- District 81: Incumbent Steven Perman, elected in 2010, was defeated by primary opponent Kevin Rader. Rader will move on to challenge James Ryan O’Hara (R) in the general election.
- District 107: Two incumbents, John Patrick Julien, who first assumed office in 2010, and Barbara Watson, who first assumed office in 2011, faced off in the Democratic primary. NoRepublican candidates filed to run in the general election. However, Watson will face two Independent candidates, Janice Denise Rhymes and Vickie Renee Williams, in the general election.
- District 116: Two incumbents, Jose Felix Diaz and Ana Rivas Logan, who both assumed office in 2010, battled for the Republican nomination. No Democratic candidates filed to run for election, but two independent candidates, Javier Daire and Maria Elisa Mena, will challenge Diaz in the general election.